Poland piles approx. 11.968 million tonnes of municipal waste per year in 286 active landfills, occupying an area of 1,7416.6 ha (data of the Statistics Poland for 2018). 1 million tons of waste emits ca. 5 million m3/year of landfill gas, the main component of which is methane. Methane has more than 25 times more greenhouse potential than CO2.
|Dwutlenek węgla (CO2)||1|
|Podtlenek azotu (N2O)||298|
|Sześciofluorek siarki (SF6)||22 800|
|Perfluorowęglowodory (PFC)||7 390 – 12 200|
|Hydrofluorowęglowodory (HFC)||92 – 14 800|
|Trójfluorek azotu (NF3)||17 200|
Źródło: PCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Currently, approx. 91 landfill gas RES plants with the available electric power output of 25 MW are operated in Poland. The undeveloped energy potential of landfill gas in Poland is still approx. 90-120 MW.